Peru’s Social Media Phenomenon Fuses Quechua, K-Pop

What happens when you take Quechua, the most widely spoken Indigenous language in the Americas, and fuse it with K-pop, the global musical sensation with roots in South Korea? 

Ask Lenin Tamayo, who has become a social media phenomenon with “Q-pop” and this week released his first digital album. 

Tamayo grew up listening to his mother, a Peruvian folk artist who sings in Spanish and Quechua, a language shared by 10 million speakers in countries including Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia, Argentina and Chile. As a teenager, K-pop became his passion and helped him find a group of like-minded female classmates who helped fight the bullying he says he faced at school for his Indigenous looks. 

Now a musician, Tamayo, 23, has fused those chapters, mixing Spanish and Quechua lyrics with K-pop beats to create Q-pop (in which the “Q” stands for “Quechua”). He’s amassed more than 4.4 million likes on his TikTok account and released five digital singles online. 

Making music in his native language “helps embrace the roots but, without being oblivious to modernity and globalization,” he told The Associated Press in a recent interview. 

For Tamayo, the K-pop aesthetic helped influence a personal style where he mixes his own choreography and a way of acting that helps reinforce a key message: Love and freedom. 

“Love to unite people and the freedom to be oneself, because it’s all about embracing existence and seeking a full, full, real life, with depth,” he said. 

Mixing passions

After completing his psychology studies at the Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Tamayo could not picture himself practicing in that profession. He wanted to be a singer, and he wanted his music to mix his passions. 

“Why can’t I transfer this K-pop experience to Andean music?” Tamayo asked while practicing dance steps at his home in a Lima suburb. 

Tamayo is the only child of Yolanda Pinares, a contemporary Andean music singer who taught him the importance of showing his Quechua identity in a country where racism “is covered up,” he said. When he was a child, he says he was bullied at school for being shy and for Indigenous complexion, eyes, hair, and cheekbones. 

These traits, he believes, are somewhat similar between Andean youths and South Korean singers, something that has helped K-pop become popular even in remote villages and on the outskirts of Lima, where millions of people with Indigenous roots live. 

“Art is a vehicle to move consciences and generate change,” Tamayo said. 

A new release

This week, Tamayo released “Amaru,” his debut album in digital format. “Amaru” means snake in Quechua, a word that is tied to the history, lyrics, music, mythology of the Incas and modern sounds. 

In a preview video for “Amaru,” policemen are seen beating protesters carrying a Peruvian flag and then chasing a woman who escapes through an Andean forest. The scene evokes the recent citizen protests demanding the resignation of President Dina Boluarte that have left 67 dead, the majority of whom are of Indigenous origin. 

Like thousands of Peruvians, Tamayo participated in the protests at the beginning of the year in the capital. 

“It’s very important to make this type of music because it allows you to generate change and generate hope in young people,” he said. 



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